Tuesday, 5 February 2013

Namdapha Tiger Reserve

Location  Changlang district, Arunachal Pradesh, India
Nearest city Miao
Area  1,985.23 square kilometers (766.50 sq mi)
Established  1974
Governing body  Government of India, Government of Arunachal Pradesh
Summer Temperature Max (32°C), Min (27°C)
Winter Temperature Max (20°C), Min (15°C)
Weather  Sub Tropical

In India’s Arunachal Pradesh State, Changlang district, there is an impressive Tiger reserve called Namdapha Tiger Reserve bearing the name of the river called Namdapha at Daphabum, which is the highest mountain peak in this area, the entire region being a protected area with dense forest and high hills enriched by springs and rivers , inhabitants of which location include tigers, leopards, clouded leopards, snow leopards, while other varieties such as Holock Gibbon, Marbled Cat, Golden Cat, Mishmi Takin, Namphada Flying Squirrel, Red Panda, NampdaphaShortwing Bird, White Wing Wood Duck can be considered unique amidst diverse Cat species of Namdapha.
In this entire protected area, major portion is still unexplored and rich with original forestry, while there is only one road where motor transport can move in to the depth of 40 miles, that too in Winter season, these conditions providing a natural barrier for unruly elements of modern world spoiling the ecology and natural reserves of this Tiger Reserve sanctuary.
Every visitor to Namdapha Tiger Reserve will have one’s exciting moments of tourism because this location possesses such a natural aroma and ecosystem that one who is used to the noise ridden urban living  will have wonderful period of stay while touring this region.
This  wonderful wild life sanctuary  Namdapha Tiger Reserve has its own history, having been declared as a Reserved Forest from the beginning, declared as a Wild Life Sanctuary in the year  1972 under the Assam Forest Regulation procedures, again in the year 1983 it was named a National Park and also as a Tiger Reserve under the well known Project Tiger Scheme sponsored by the Government of India, covering 177.425 sq km of forestry in addition later in the year 1986.
Before the State of Arunachal Pradesh was formed, this region was called as NEFA, meaning North East Frontier Agency, the scheme of locating a National Park in this region was proposed as early as the year of Independence of India,  the area nominated for this purpose lying in Diyan Valley also known as  Noa-Dehing river’s catchment area, at a height of 500 ft above sea level at Miao Village  and 15020 ft at Daphabum, the objectives of this National Park being research and study of Wildlife, besides public entertainment and recreation, in a spread of 802.9 sq.miles.
There has been a proposal for covering a still larger area from M’Pen to Vijoynagar for Namdapha Tiger Reserve, which has been studied and draft proposals placed on the table, however, the approval and implementation had been  kept pending for quite some time.
When time was ripe for taking this proposal in 1962, the Chinese aggression around this area occurred following which there was an Indo China War, which reason delayed this project till 1969, when the Deputy Commissioner of Khonsa brought in a new proposal to extend this Reserved Forest area uptoPatkai, Daphabum having been located between Tirap and Lohit, it was thought that it would be appropriate to call it Namdapha Reserved Forest than naming it Dapahbum Reserved Forest, following which proposal this area was baptised as a Reserved Forest according to the Assam Forest Regulations in 1970, and in course of time the Wild Life Sanctuary had its birth in the year 1972.
Weather And Best Time To Visit
The Namdapa National Park is an excellent region climatically, enabling visitors to go in throughout the year, as summers and winters are having moderate temperature conditions, the monsoon being the third season in between, having good rainfall, still entertaining visitors with welcome showers.
Summertime in Namdapha National Park takes the barometer to 32 degrees Celsius, maintaining sub-tropical climate,  minimum levels around 27 degrees Celsius, while Winter time the maximum and minimum temperature levels will be 20 and 15 degree Celsius thus enabling visitors to have pleasant tour inside the National Park.
It is Monsoon during July, August and September, when there will be consistent rain and the forest area wet throughout, visiting during which period will be less convenient, whereas, October to January, which period falls in the Winter Season, will be the best time to visit this National Park.
Places To Visit
The major attraction in this region is just the National Park and the Wildlife Sanctuary, where visitors can hope to see a number of Cat varieties, including frightening tigers of different classes; otherwise, there is no other place of visit as yet developed in this Protected forest area.
Arunachal Pradesh by itself a wonderful state in India, has many other places to visit within the State, which a traveller can combine to visit as one goes to Namdapha Tiger Reserve, such as Pashighat which is one of the oldest places in Arunachal Pradesh, places around Tawang which include AnniGompa Buddhist monastery, War Memorial, Madhuri Lake, Tibetan Medical Dispensary etc,  besides having adventure sports activities like rafting in Brahmaputra River, Subansari River and Kameng River.
It is important to note that tourists from other parts of India require an Inner Line Permit, likewise Foreigners requiring  a Restricted Area Permit, for entering Arunachal Pradesh, while a tourist permit from  Namdapha Field Director’s office is required for visiting the Namdapha Tiger Reserve and National Park.
How To Reach
Namdapha National Park can be reached by Air, Train or by Road, the nearest Airport being Dibrugharh which is located at a distance of 140 km from the village Miao, from where tour to the Park has to be taken and the nearest Rail station is atTinsukia, to which Station a number of Popular trains are available from New Delhi, including a Rajdhani Express, from which Railway Station road transport is available in plenty to reach Miao.
Public transport buses from various points in the Country ply to Namdapha National Park, particularly from the main towns such as Tinsukia, Chanaglang and Margherita.
Flora And Fauna
Flora and Fauna in the region of Namdapha National Park region are attractive features offering the flora varieties of Dipterocarpusmacrocarpus, Shoreaassamica, Terminaliamyriocarpa, PinusMerkusi and Abiesdelavavi , while the Fauna gifts include Mammala with large number  of mammal species, besides birds of rare and wonderful species.
With regard to Birds, the Namdapha National Park hosts 425 bird varieties, the details of which have been published in the papers presented in 1990, which include five Hornbill species, severel Wren-babblers others covering laughing thrushes, fulvettas, parrotbills, shrike babblers and also scimitar babblers, one among them being Snowythroated Babbler, which is a very rare variety. These bird species are found only in Patkai and Mismi hill areas and also in nearby areas such as Northern Myanmar. There are few other rare bird species which are globally becoming extinct such as Rofous-necked Hornbill, Purple Cochoa, Green Gochoa, Beautiful Nuthatch, Ruddy Kingfisher, Ward’s Trogeon, White-tailed fish eagle, Blue-eared Kingfisher, Pied Falconet, Eurasian Hobby, Himalayan Wood-owl, White –winged Wood Duck, White cheeked ill Partridge and Rufous-throated Hill Partridge, while few other leaf warblers and newly settling varieties such as Amur Falcon do inhabit this National Park. The earlier activity of census was conducted in 1994 at Namdapha revealed that species like White bellied Heron, a bird variety is in critically endangered stage were residents of this National Park.
Diverse wildlife varieties inhabit Namdapha Tiger Reserve, although predominant species here are Cat varieties, such as leopard, clouded leopard, snow leopard and other different leopard species, while these wild animals live in different height levels of this forest region, which has lot of shaded hilly road and primitive forest with rich vegetation.
As one goes through the ecology and tree varieties of this forest region, there are many wonderful tree types such as Halak, Mekai, Halong, Banian, Dhup, Pipul, Amalaki, Hariataki and innumerable plant varieties , which provide shaded pathway to the National Park, while down the hill and valley portion, there are slopes enjoyable to walk and slide, with bushes of bamboo and fern,  besides large number of herbal plants, at the high and low altitudes, each  having their own specialties.
Wild animals too choose their own places to stay for their comfortable living and approach to their prey, about 480 species dwelling in this mammoth National Park, some of them living down hill, such as antelope, wild dog, sambar, hog, leopard, tiger and wild cats, while in great heights around 7000 feet, Red Panda of Himalayas, Goral and Binturong species of animals happily roam about, besides the common snow leopard and clouded leopard have their native land here.
India is a country nurturing different varieties of Monkeys, Namdapha forest is no exception and there are interesting varities of monkeys too live here, while antelopes, wild elephants and bison are found everywhere in this forest region.
Likewise, the birds of different varieties too beautify this region, which include Dhanesh, a long-billed bird, kaliz, monal, fezent, peacock, and other varieties of parakeet, white crows, minvate, keshoraj and a large number of chirping birds add to the musical days and nights of this forest auditorium.
No specific timings have been notified to visit this National Park, visitors should use their prudence to choose their visits according to the season and the daylight  opportunities, while it is possible to make advance enquiries from forest authorities for one to plan one’s visit, travel agents will be of great assistance in guiding the tourists in this respect.
Where To Stay
Tourists and visitors can choose to stay in Diban Forest Bungalow at Diban, located in the forest area, while other places like Tourist Lodge,  CH and IB in Miao will provide the staying facility for the visitors.
Location Map
Photo Gallery